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National Symbols

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National Flag


The National flag is divided diagonally into two equal halves.
The upper yellow half signifies the secular power and authority of the King while the lower orange symbolises the practice of religion and the power of Buddhism. The dragon signifies the name of the country while the jewels in its claws symbolise the wealth of the country.


National Emblem


There is a jewel on all sides with two dragons on the vertical sides. The thunderbolts represent the harmony between secular and religious power while the lotus symbolises purity. The jewel signifies the sovereign power while the dragons (male and female) represent the name of the country, Drukyul, the Land of the Thunder Dragon.


National Bird


The raven is the national bird of Bhutan. It represents the country’s protector deity Gonpo Jarodongchen (raven-headed Mahakala).





National Animal


The takin is a very rare mammal with a thick neck and short muscular legs. It lives in groups and is found above 4,000 metres above sea level on the north-western and far north-eastern parts of the country. They feed on bamboo and grass.



National Flower


Blue poppy is a delicate blue or purple tinged blossom with white filaments. It grows to a height of one metre and is found above the tree line (3,500-4,500 metres) on rocky mountain terrain.




National Tree


Cypress, Bhutan’s national tree, is found in abundance and one may notice large cypresses near temples and monasteries. This tree is found in the temperate climatic zone between 1,800 and 3,500 metres.